Best of our wild blogs: 16 Apr 14


Fri 18 & Sun 20 April’14 : 3 Guided Walks
from a.t.Bukit Brown. Heritage. Habitat. History

Hornbills in Changi feeding nestlings – March 2014
from Bird Ecology Study Group

Jane’s Walk – 3rd & 4th May’14
from a.t.Bukit Brown. Heritage. Habitat. History

Malaysia imperils forest reserves and sea turtle nesting ground for industrial site (photos) from Mongabay.com news by Jeremy Hance


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Indonesia: Six Arrested in Aceh for Killing Elephants for Tusks

Nurdin Hasan Jakarta Globe 15 Apr 14;

Banda Aceh. Police in Aceh have arrested six people for allegedly killing three Sumatran elephants this year for their tusks, and are still searching for seven other suspects.

The six now in custody were all residents of Teupin Panah village in West Aceh district and were arrested on Saturday for the killing of a male elephant earlier this month, according to Sr. Comr. Gustav Leo, a spokesman for the Aceh Police.

“Upon further questioning of the six suspects, they admitted they had killed three elephants over the past three months for their tusks,” he told the Jakarta Globe on Tuesday.

The two other elephants were killed in Blangpidie in Southwest Aceh district and in Seumantok village in West Aceh, he added.

Gustav said the suspects claimed to have killed the elephants by setting up booby traps in which a tripwire tied between trees launched a sharpened wooden stake at the animals, impaling them in the head.

“Once the elephants were dead, they cut off the tusks and sold them to a fence in Kuta Fajar in South Aceh district,” he said, adding that police were still hunting down the others involved in the crime.

Police have seized parts of the traps as evidence.

Gustav said the alleged perpetrators sold the tusks from each elephant killed for Rp 1 million ($87).

The villagers arrested in the case face charges under the 1990 Natural Resources Conservation Law that could see them sentenced to up to 12 years in prison if convicted.

The Sumatran elephant, a critically endangered species, faces mounting threats to its survival from the decimation of Sumatra’s forests to make way for farmland.

Aceh’s forests have largely been left intact as a result of the province’s three-decade isolation during an armed insurgency from which it emerged in 2005, but a new zoning plan being pushed by Governor Zaini Abdullah threatens to clear large swaths of forests that are home to elephants, orangutans, tigers and other endangered species.

In Riau province to the south, elephants are routinely killed, often by farmers and plantation companies after encroaching onto farmland in search of food.

In February, the World Wide Fund for Nature reported that the bodies of seven elephants, likely killed by humans, had been found in Riau’s Tesso Nilo National Park, an ostensibly protected area.

The elephants — a male, a female and five calves — were believed to have died in November of last year, probably after being poisoned, a WWF official said.

The findings brought the total number of elephant deaths in Riau in the 10 months to February to 10, nine of which were believed to have been caused by poisoning.


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Malaysia: Action plan to further protect Bornean Pygmy elephants

Roy Goh and Laili Ismail New Straits Times 15 Apr 14;

KOTA KINABALU: A series of action plans have been taken to further protect the Bornean Pygmy elephants in Sabah which are on the brink of extinction.
Assistant Tourism, Culture and Environment Minister Datuk Pang Yuk Ming said the elephant population is currently in the Red List of Threatened Species, a guiding system issued by United Nation’s International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).

“According to a research carried out in 2010 by Sabah Wildlife Department and World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Malaysia, there are 2,040 elephants in the State.

“The Red List considers a species is endangered when its adult population is less than 2,500 individuals, when there is a possibility of over 50 per cent decline in population within three upcoming generations as well as when the population is fragmented.

“Based on the list, the elephant population in Sabah is therefore endangered based on the criteria provided,” Pang said.

In replying a question from Datuk Abdul Rahim (BN- Pantai Manis) he said in a conservation effort, the Tourism, Culture and Environment Ministry through the Wildlife Department has come up with the Elephant Action Plan 2012-2016.

“The management guide outlined three main strategies . First, non-site specific priority actions such as handling Managed Elephant Range (locations that have 125-150 elephants) and establishing the Bornean Elephant Conservation Alliance, among other steps.

“The second strategy is site-specific priority actions are to manage Major Elephant Range which are located at upstream and downstream Kinabatangan, central Sabah. Tabin and Ulu Kalumpang.

“Meanwhile off-site conservation efforts also play an important role in managing small and remote population outside of Managed Elephant Range where translocation is the last solution and where sick an injured elephants are put in the Borneo Elephant Sanctuary.

“These steps have to be taken in an integrated manner to ensure a controlled breeding rate among the elephants,” Pang said adding that elephant-human conflict is expected to be unavoidable unless the related parties take mitigating actions.

Read more: Action plan to further protect Bornean Pygmy elephants - Latest - New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/latest/action-plan-to-further-protect-bornean-pygmy-elephants-1.569016#ixzz2z0sfOh4s


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Malaysia: Annual Rate Of Turtle Fatalities Is Worrying

Bernama 15 Apr 14;

DUNGUN, April 15 (Bernama) -- The number of turtle fatalities in Terengganu waters each year is worrying, with six found dead during the nesting season between January to April this year.

According to the Director of the Terengganu Fisheries Department, Abdul Khalil Abdul Karim, four of these were of the Green turtle species, while two were the Hawksbill and Olive Ridley.

He told Bernama on Tuesday that last year, 42 turtles (40 Green, two Hawksbill) were found dead in Terengganu waters, compared to 33 in 2012, 22 in 2011, 20 in 2010 and 29 in 2009.

Abdul Khalil said investigations showed that the cause of the turtles' deaths was entanglement in fishing nets and hooks.

He advised fishermen not to use equipment which could trap turtles and jeopardise their landings in Terengganu.

-- BERNAMA


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Animal welfare group plans largest rescue of Chinese bile bears

Michael Martina PlanetArk 16 Apr 14;

An animal welfare group said on Tuesday it will save 130 bears from a bile extraction farm in China, its largest rescue so far, in a bid to end a business that has sparked outrage over animal cruelty amid growing opposition.

Hong Kong-based Animals Asia says as many as 10,000 bears are held in captivity in China and used for bile extraction, often under poor conditions that cause long-term physical and psychological suffering.

The bile, taken repeatedly from incisions in the bears' gall bladders, is used in some Chinese medicines that claim to cure eye and liver ailments.

Animals Asia reached a deal with state-owned Flower World to take over its bear bile farm in the southern Guangxi region's capital Nanning and convert it into a sanctuary for the Asiatic black bears, known as moon bears for a white crescent marking on their chests.

The deal was agreed to after company executives said they were losing money on the venture and acknowledged it was "time for change".

"Particularly in the last two years, there has been a lot of public discussion about the practice of extracting bear bile from live bears. Most people oppose it, so we consider prospects for the bear bile business will be less and less optimistic," Flower World General Manager Yan Shaohong told reporters.

"Actually, the company has always been investing money but not making any," Yan said.

The company had invested around 8 million yuan ($1.3 million) in the farm that had yet to sell bile. The rescue is set to begin in May and the company stopped extracting bile from the bears two years ago.

Animals Asia said they had put aside $5 million over the next three years to construct and run the sanctuary and retrain staff to care for the bears. Many had been used for their bile, while others had been held for breeding.

Wildlife advocates say that while sales of bear bile are legal in some Asian nations - including mainland China and Japan - any trade across borders is prohibited by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

While the bear trade is robust across Asia, there are indications that attitudes are slowly changing.

In 2011, fury among Chinese Internet users erupted after news that a Chinese company that extracts bear bile hoped to list on the stock market. The firm eventually withdrew its public listing application, though it didn't give a reason.

Jill Robinson, Animals Asia founder and CEO, said many of the rescued bears, which can live as long as 30 years, will likely remain at the sanctuary for the rest of their lives.

"This negotiation is a result of years of growing awareness and increased opposition, with the bear farmer showing the moral integrity to do the right thing," Robinson said.

(Editing by Nick Macfie)


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China set to elevate environment over development in new law

Sui-Lee Wee PlanetArk 15 Apr 14;

Long-awaited amendments to China's 1989 Environmental Protection Law are expected to be finalised later this year, giving the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) greater authority to take on polluters.

While some details of the fourth draft are still under discussion, it has been agreed that the principle of prioritising the environment above the economy will be enshrined in law, according to scholars who have been involved in the process. The fourth draft is due to be completed within weeks.

"(Upholding) environmental protection as the fundamental principle is a huge change, and emphasizes that the environment is a priority," said Cao Mingde, a law professor at the China University of Political Science and Law, who was involved in the drafting process.

The first change to the legislation in 25 years will give legal backing to Beijing's newly declared war on pollution and formalize a pledge made last year to abandon a decades-old growth-at-all-costs economic model that has spoiled much of China's water, skies and soil.

Cao cautioned that some of the details of the measures could be removed as a result of bureaucratic horsetrading. The MEP has called for the law to spell out how new powers can be implemented in practice, but the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the country's top economic planning agency, prefers broader, more flexible principles.

"There is a usual practice when everyone is unable to come to a complete agreement - we first put an idea into the law and then draw up detailed administrative rules later," Cao said.

Local authorities' dependence on the taxes and employment provided by polluting industries is reflected by the priorities set out in China's growth-focused legal code, said Wang Canfa, an environment law professor who runs the Center for Pollution Victims in China and also took part in the drafting stage.

The environment ministry did not respond to detailed questions on its role in the drafting process and the specific content of the new amendments, but said the legislation was currently in the hands of the Legal Work Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), China's legislature.

The protracted legal process usually kicks off with a number of drafts from academic institutions, which are then examined by ministries, local governments and industry groups. A new draft then goes to the legal affairs office of the State Council, China's cabinet, before being delivered to the NPC and opened up to members of the public to have their say.

NEW POWERS

In the absence of legally enshrined powers, the environment ministry has often made do with one-off national inspection campaigns to name and shame offenders, as well as ad hoc arrangements with local courts and police authorities to make sure punishments are imposed and repeat offenders shut down. It has also stretched existing laws to its advantage.

Last year, it began to use its powers of approval over environmental impact assessments, which are mandatory for all new industrial projects, to force powerful industrial firms such as Sinopec and the China National Petroleum Corporation to cut emissions at some of their plants, threatening to veto all new approvals until the firms met their targets.

The new law would give the ministry the legal authority to take stronger punitive action.

"The environment ministry could only impose fines and management deadlines," Cao said. "Now we can close and confiscate them. It's an important right."

It will also set up a more comprehensive range of punishments, putting an end to a maximum fine system that allowed enterprises to continue polluting once they had paid a one-off fee normally much lower than the cost of compliance.

Cao said the final draft was also likely to impose an "ecological red line" that will declare certain protected regions off-limits to polluting industry, though detailed definitions are likely to come later.

The legislation also proposes to formalize a system by which local cadres are assessed according to their record on pollution issues, including meeting emissions targets.

Experts have welcomed commitments to improve transparency and compel polluters to provide comprehensive and real-time emissions data. Criminal penalties will also be imposed on those found guilty of trying to evade pollution monitoring systems.

"The provisions on transparency are probably the most positive step forward. These include the requirement that key polluters disclose real-time pollution data," said Alex Wang, expert in Chinese environmental law at UCLA. Wang said he had not seen the later, non-public drafts of the legislation.

FIERCELY CONTESTED

For nearly two years, scholars, ministries, local governments, companies and environment ministry officials have been debating the changes to the environmental protection law.

One of the most fiercely contested parts of the new draft was a clause designed to prevent most environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from filing lawsuits against polluters.

The first draft said lawsuits could only be filed via the government-affiliated All-China Environmental Federation, though subsequent changes allowed other government-registered organizations that have been operating for at least five years to launch legal action.

Polluting industries have lobbied government officials not to relax the restrictions on the rights of NGOs to file suits, said Cao, who has attended numerous meetings with government officials on the new legislation.

UCLA's Wang said the ultimate success of China's war on pollution would be determined not by symbolic new legislation but by specific targets and guidelines that are now being imposed on local governments.

"Many people point to China's laws as a sign of the government's concern about the environment," he said. "But changes in bureaucratic targets are a more direct indication of changing priorities and can tell us whether Beijing means business."

(Additional reporting by Beijing Newsroom; Editing by Alex Richardson)


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Best of our wild blogs: 15 Apr 14


Latest Green Jobs in Singapore [31 Mar - 6 Apr 2014]
from Green Business Singapore

Pulau Ubin with the Drone!
from wild shores of singapore

Head Plumes of the Javan Pond-heron
from Bird Ecology Study Group

Green Drinks: Networking Tuesday
from Green Drinks Singapore

Job: Laboratory Officer (with field work and teaching support; deadline 15 May 2014) from The Biodiversity crew @ NUS


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Sunny? Cloudy? Raining? How fascinating!

Han Fook Kwang The Straits Times AsiaOne 15 Apr 14;

What is it about the weather in Singapore that makes it so fascinating?

If you get a funny look when asking this question, it's probably also sunny or cloudy or raining.

Or all three depending on which part of the day it is.

So, the weather here is so predictable you wish we had the four seasons?

That's a view borne out of ignorance.

It's time to change this attitude because not only is the weather as interesting as anywhere else in the world, knowing it is also the first step to understanding its importance to our future.

But the reality is that even though there has been much discussion in recent years about climate change and the dire consequences that might follow, interest in the weather has been as dry as the recent drought.

Ask anyone here and chances are, many can't tell the difference between a Sumatran squall and a north-east monsoon surge.

Or between cumulonimbus and altostratus. (Hint: Think clouds.)

As for climate change, it is too riddled with the confusing science of carbon emissions and ozone reactions.

This lack of interest and the accompanying ignorance are a shame because weather and climate are such a large part of our lives and so immediately felt, it's like not knowing your own body.

And it is of such a wondrous nature - alive and changing, noisy and colourful - too complex to know completely, yet so fundamental to our lives that only a fool would not want to know it.

Our farming and hunting forefathers knew better, or they would have died starving.

City dwellers think they can do without the knowledge but they will regret this in time.

So, what's so interesting about the Singapore weather?

Did you know that the monsoon rains we get in November and December originate from what's happening in Siberia?

It starts to get really cold there and, as the entire Asian continent cools during the northern winter period, a high pressure region develops.

As a result, the air moves towards the warmer seas in the south, such as the South China Sea, picking up moisture along the way and dumping it onto our part of the world.

There are other monsoon rains that develop in a similar way in west Africa and the south-west United States but none are as spectacular as what we get here.

That's because these winds move from the largest land mass in the world (the Euro-Asia continent) to the largest body of water (the Indo-Pacific ocean).

The rain they bring is the reason large swathes of humanity were able to settle in Asia, and so began modern civilisation.

Singapore is smack in the middle of this watery deluge.

It is also in the middle of two bands of high pressure regions, 30 degrees north and south of the equator, that give rise to what are often called the trade winds because they were used by sailing ships in the past to cross the big oceans, opening up trade routes between countries.

How can we not know about the mysterious winds when they bring not only the rain but also the ships, and Singapore's reason for existence?

If you want to know more, read an excellent publication produced by the Meteorological Service Singapore, The Weather And Climate Of Singapore, from which I obtained much of the information for this piece.

Indeed, the weather has made the news more often these days than before, the recent record-breaking drought being the latest example.

With large parts of the country parched dry, the grass brown and half-dead, it looked and felt to me like the country was dying.

Is this how the future might look if the climate change doomsayers are right?

With shiny skyscrapers standing tall among the urban infrastructure but amid death all around, among the trees and plants, and the animals that live off the vegetation?

At the height of the drought in February, it wasn't hard to imagine this death scene occurring in a future devastated by climate change.

According to the Met Service, temperatures here have risen an average of 0.25 deg C a decade, consistent with global trends.

For most people, this may be too small a change to detect, but beware the effects that chaos theory predicts.

This hypothesis is about how a system can become hugely sensitive to small - even infinitesimally tiny - changes in the initial condition, resulting in very large consequences.

The Earth's atmosphere is such a chaotic system.

In fact, it was a meteorologist, Edward Lorenz, who discovered this theory, leading him to make the well-known pronouncement that "the flap of a butterfly's wing can cause a tornado over Texas".

Can a similarly inconsequential change in some far-flung location result in a drought here many times more severe than the last?

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report two weeks ago warning that the consequences of rising temperatures from carbon emissions were even more serious than predicted in 2007 when the last IPCC study was done.

Ice caps are melting faster than anticipated, sea levels rising, and heatwaves and heavy rain are intensifying with the prospect of water shortages, flooding and crop failures.

Some critics have labelled the report alarmist, questioning the science behind it.

For ordinary people like you and me, it is not possible to decide the merits of the various arguments.

What we can and should do is to become more interested in the weather and understand how it relates to the larger system.

And we have to start locally, with our own weather.

Even if it is always sunny, cloudy or raining.

It is too life-threatening a subject to be left to the experts.


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Severe haze last year could have influenced climate change survey results: DPM Teo

Channel NewsAsia 14 Apr 14;

SINGAPORE: The severe transboundary haze which blanketed Singapore in June last year could have influenced the results of a recent survey on climate change, Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean said in Parliament on Monday.

The survey, commissioned by the National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS), showed that only 39 per cent of respondents felt taking action on climate change was their responsibility.

This compared to more than 55 per cent who felt that way in a previous survey.

Responding to a question by Nominated Member of Parliament, Associate Professor Eugene Tan, on the reason for the decline, Mr Teo said half the respondents cited "clearing of forests" as a key contributor to climate change.

He said as there is not much of a role an individual could play in preventing transboundary haze, more respondents could have been looking to the government instead to take action.

On the other hand, Mr Teo said the survey also showed over 80 per cent of respondents said they adopt climate-friendly behaviour.

This includes turning off electrical appliances, when they are not in use, at the mains and taking public transport.

He said this is an improvement from the previous survey, in which 70 per cent indicated they were doing so.

To reach out to Singaporeans on climate change issues, Mr Teo said the NCCS is doing so through community events, schools and social media.

A climate change exhibition will also be launched at the Science Centre by the end of the year.

- CNA/ms


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Singapore: 36 hours of surprises with Ben O’Donoghue and Tom Williams

Perth Now 15 Apr 14;

THEY’VE got no itinerary, just 36 hours to kill and an appetite for local cuisine mixed with a thirst for new experiences.

Welcome to Singapore with TV host Tom Williams and chef Ben O’Donoghue.

Tom Williams and Ben O’Donoghue at Pulau Ubin - where they discovered the Black Diamond mountain bike trail wasn’t really the easy option.

On their way home from a surf trip in the Maldives, the mates took a high-octane Singapore stopover, filming the Channel 7 special Tom & Ben’s Singapore Sling.

O’Donoghue tells Escape that the idea was to look outside the box and try to encourage other Aussies to make the most of their stopover time by revealing some of the less well-known attractions Singapore has to offer.

“I was really surprised at how easy it was to get around,” he says.

“You think of it as a concrete jungle, but there are places you can go to get out of the city.”

One such place was Pulau Ubin, home of the Ketam Mountain Bike Park. Hitting the Black Diamond trail - after being assured it was not the most difficult - was an eye-opener, says O’Donoghue. “It wasn’t easy at all!”

At Sentosa Island, the pair marvelled at the planet’s largest window to the ocean at the S.E.A. Aquarium, and Williams went diving with sharks at the Marine Life Park.

Back in the city centre, the Gardens by the Bay is a case of “botanical gardens on steroids” according to O’Donoghue, with its night-time light shows a highlight.

But as a chef, he acknowledges his main motivation during the visit was the food.

And he found delicious surprises at every corner.

“You can generally tell what good (at street stalls) - it’s always a good idea to jump on the longest queue,” he says.

O’Donoghue discovered a diverse, funky range of coffee shops, cafes and noodle bars, delicious rotis and curries in the Arab Quarter, and in Chinatown, a surprising beer emporium among the hawker stalls.

And he admits he’ll be drawing inspiration from the dishes he enjoyed at his own restaurant (Billy Kart Kitchen, at Annerley in Brisbane). Expect to see a fresh take on prawns cooked in salted duck eggs making an appearance soon.

But perhaps Williams and O’Donoghue most surprising Singapore discovery was this: You can surf in Singapore - on an “epic” wave, no less.

Sure, it’s not the ocean, but even O’Donoghue - a keen surfer and host of Surfing the Menu - admits being surprised by the Flowrider at Wave House Sentosa.

“It’s so much harder than it looks,” he says.

And his final words of advice to others with a stopover in the city?

“Engage with the locals. Taxi drivers are a great source of information - and if it’s food that you want, they have always got a hot tip for what to eat,” he says.

“It’s the Garden City, so get out and appreciate it.”


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Malaysia: Twenty tonnes of giant clams seized from Vietnamese fishermen

stephanie lee The Star 14 Feb 14;

KOTA KINABALU: Dozens of giant clams weighing nearly 20 tonnes were seized from nine Vietnamese fishermen at the Mengalum Island near here on Monday.

The giant seized clams valued at about RM500, 000, is an endangered and protected marine species in Sabah were found on a boat operated by a Sabah and Vietnamese joint venture company.

Sabah Police Commissioner Datuk Hamza Taib said nine of the crew on board at that time of the arrest in the ongoing Ops Cantas Laut by marine police at about 10.30am on April 10.

He said although this was the first arrest and seizure of such nature, marine police believe the culprits have been harvesting giant clams illegally for quite some time.

“Police would also be investigating the boat company here, while the nine Vietnamese will be referred to the Land and Survey Department for further actions,” he said.

Hamza explained that the case was first referred to the Fisheries Department but was told that it was under the Land and Survey Department’s jurisdiction as ‘they were taken from the seabed, which is considered part of the land’.

Meanwhile, he said the shells, which could be used for cosmetic and decorative purposes were protected items and cannot be harvested or sold without a license from the relevant authorities.

“Many people might not know about this,” he said, adding that giant clams were very rare, as out of the less then 10 species in the world, seven were known to be found in Sabah.


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Malaysia: 'Dry winds are coming'

MASTURA YUSOFF AND NIKITA NAWAWI New Straits Times 15 Apr 14;

DAMS TO BE HIT: Five months of vastly reduced rainfall likely from May

KUALA LUMPUR: MALAYSIANS may have to brace for another round of dry spell for a five-month period beginning from the middle of next month due to the southwest monsoon season.

Even though temperatures are forecast to reach a comfortable 32 to 33ยบ Celsius during this period, a lack of rain and higher evaporation rate will see drier weather affecting west coast states in the peninsula.

Meteorological Department (MMD) central forecast office director, Muhammad Helmi Abdullah said the weather change was due to dry winds coming from Indonesia.

This would create a high evaporation rate, which makes it easier for bodies of water to be absorbed into the atmosphere.

"The west coast states in the peninsula including Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, Malacca and Johor will be most affected by this dry season.

"There will be an average rainfall of 100 to 200 millimetres throughout the country during this five-month period. This is lower as compared with the 200 to 300 millimetres of rain the country has been experiencing since March 29," Helmi told the New Straits Times.

The previous dry spell had caused water levels at 20 dams and 21 rivers nationwide to dip between 0.3m and 1m since Feb 14 this year. This led to water rationing in Selangor and the Klang Valley that started on Feb 27.

Rationing had initially affected 71 areas in Hulu Langat, Kuala Langat and Sepang, and was triggered by the closure of the Cheras Batu 11 and Bukit Tampoi water treatment plants due to ammonia pollution in Sungai Langat.

A total of 5.9 million people have been affected by the fourth phase of rationing that began recently, after water levels continued to decrease at seven dams that supply raw water to treatment plants in Kuala Lumpur, Selangor and Putrajaya

The dry spell had also affected water supply in certain areas in Johor and Negri Sembilan.

Malaysian Nature Society's Johor chairman Vincent Chow said uncertain global weather patterns would likely have an effect on local weather patterns and this may be evident during the five-month dry season.

"The global climate change is quite cuckoo. This can have an effect on the weather in Malaysia, and with the southwest monsoon, the high evaporation could affect water levels at dams. This is something that needs to be looked at seriously."

Chow said temperatures during the southwest monsoon would depend on the level of pollution and other environmental factors. He said the evaporation rate would depend mostly on the movement of air and wind during the southwest monsoon.

Meanwhile, Meteorological Department's commercial and corporate services director Dr Mohd Hisham Mohd Anip said cloud seeding operation continued yesterday at several locations in Selangor in an effort to increase water levels at dams.

"We are still in the inter-monsoon season and it is expected to last until early May in the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia."

Selangor Water Management Authority information officer (corporate unit) Ishak Kamaruzaman said the water level at the Sungai Selangor dam stood at 37.73 per cent (190.45m) yesterday.

"The dam supplies water to 60 per cent of Selangor residents and needs to reach 55 per cent of its capacity before we can end the water rationing exercise.

"However, the low quantity of rain at water catchment areas has not raised water levels at dams across the state."

Yesterday, water levels at the Klang Gates dam stood at 89.92m, Langat dam (211.70m), Sungai Tinggi dam (52.97m), Batu dam (99.18m), Sungai Labu dam (38.90m) and Semenyih dam (106.11m).



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