Best of our wild blogs: 3 Jun 12

After Sungei Buloh: The Wrong Idea of what ‘Environment’ is
from the kent ridge common by Aloysius Foo

9 Jun (Sat): FREE film screening of "OceanWorld"
from wild shores of singapore

Help battle marine trash on World Oceans Day cleanup @ PR6 (9th June, 8.30am) from News from the International Coastal Cleanup Singapore

Evening at Pasir Ris mangroves
from Adventures with the Naked Hermit Crabs

120511 Bukit Batok
from Singapore Nature and 120511

Libellago lineata (Golden Gem)
from Everyday Nature

Festival of Biodiversity - Singapore 26May2012
from sgbeachbum

ButterflyCircle at the Festival of Biodiversity
from Butterflies of Singapore

Why do birds call when preening?
from Bird Ecology Study Group

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Sentosa: The little island that could

Sentosa has come a long way since it was called Pulau Blakang Mati. Now in its 40th year, it has become a glitzy resort island
Kimberly Spykerman Straits Times 3 Jun 12;

Sometimes it would be crates of oranges or apples. Other times, bales of unprocessed rubber or drums of cooking oil - wares that had fallen out of the net while being transported from cargo ships to the waiting bumboats.

Those were the sort of cargo that would wash up on the shores of Pulau Blakang Mati - now Sentosa - in the 1950s and 1960s, and a teenage Masturi Lehwan would be waiting with his friends to scoop them up.

'Some of it would still be edible so we would eat it on the spot. The other stuff, we would sell to the karung guni for $1.50 or $2, which was quite a lot of money at the time... then we'd have a bit of extra to go to the cinema,' recalls Mr Masturi, now 58, with a cheeky grin that gives a glimpse of the youth he once was.

Having grown up in a kampung on the island, he has witnessed its transformation from a peaceful, idyllic sanctuary to a modern enclave of theme parks, hotels and multi-million-dollar mansions. This year marks the 40th anniversary of the creation of Sentosa.

His kampung - a collection of wooden huts and attap houses located at what is now Resorts World Sentosa - was made up of about 100 families. It had a provision shop, a barber, a tailor, places of worship and even a taxi service operated by a man known as Uncle Lai, who ferried villagers around in a cream-coloured station wagon.

Whenever a trip to mainland Singapore was required, a motorised sampan or bumboat took them there for only 30 cents.

At the time, Mr Masturi says, they shared the island with the Gurkha infantry units. Before that, the British army used it as the base of the Royal Artillery Garrison.

In 1972, the Sentosa Development Corporation was set up to develop the island into a tourist destination and attract more visitors to Singapore.

A contest had been organised two years earlier to rename the island and reflect its transformation into a recreational resort. Five people submitted the name Sentosa, which means 'tranquillity' in Malay. Pulau Blakang Mati translates to 'island of those who die behind' - a reference to a malaria outbreak on the island in the late 1840s.

Though the islanders were resettled in the Telok Blangah area by 1975, Mr Masturi never really left. A young man by then, he was working as one of the manual labourers tasked to build the island's new golf course. He is now the golf course supervisor at Sentosa Golf Club.

His wife, Madam Asmah Aziz, 54, started work on Sentosa in 1976 as a guide on double-decker buses, keeping up a commentary for the tourists. She recalls that there were only three main attractions at the time: the Coralarium, which housed coral exhibits; Fort Siloso, a former British fortress, and the Surrender Chamber, containing wax figure tableaux of the British army's World War II surrender to the Japanese, and vice versa. There was also only one hotel - the Apollo Sentosa Resort.

Former head of the Urban Redevelopment Authority, Mr Alan Choe, one of the board's pioneer members and its chairman from 1985 to 2001, said that the initial effort to turn Sentosa into a tourist destination was 'pretty basic'.

'The focus was on access to and around the island, preservation of the flora and fauna, re-adapting old military buildings to house attractions and creating interesting local attractions for visitors to enjoy,' he said.

The creation of an island paradise went as far as transplanting 200 coconut trees from Punggol onto Sentosa to 'beautify' the place as such trees were not native there, The Straits Times reported in 1975.

Under Mr Choe's watch, some of the island's most memorable icons came to life, such as the ferry terminal, the old monorail, the cable cars, the musical fountain, Underwater World, as well as the majestic Merlion tower.

Other attractions have come and gone. Now defunct: Fantasy Island, the water park modelled after Typhoon Lagoon in Florida, and theme parks Asian Cultural Village and Volcano Land.

Sentosa also hosted a rock gig by American band Bon Jovi, as well as performances by singers Rick Price and Jimmy Barnes in the 1990s. An Australian television series called Tanamera: Lion Of Singapore was filmed in 1989 in an old army barracks which is now the Capella Hotel's main lobby, and an episode of popular 1970s American detective show Hawaii Five-O was filmed on the cable car line.

These days, the island is better known for its pristine man-made beaches and laidback beach bar culture. For years now, many revellers have made the pilgrimage to its sandy beaches to party the night away at ZoukOut.

With the opening of Resorts World Sentosa in 2010, boasting a casino and Universal Studios Singapore, visitor numbers have spiked.

Last year, visitor numbers hit 19 million - a 7.3 per cent year-on-year increase over the same period in 2010. The luxe factor was also upped with the building of Sentosa Cove, a residential area expected to have 2,000 homes by 2014.

While Singaporeans are loving the bustle of the island, they do miss its quiet rustic charm.

Health administrator Jo-Ann Lee, 41, says: 'There are lots more things to do on Sentosa now, but that means it's also so packed with tourists and Singaporeans that it can be a hassle fighting for a seat in eateries.'

Still, for Mr Masturi and Madam Asmah, Sentosa holds only sweet memories.

After all, it was where they met. Mr Masturi remembers how he would catch the tour bus after finishing his shifts so that he could catch a glimpse of Madam Asmah and talk to her.

Later when they got together, he would wait for her to finish work and they would take walks by the beach and have picnics there. The couple married in 1979 and now have three daughters, aged 32, 27 and 23.

'Most of the bus guides were women and many of them were very pretty, but there was just something about her I liked... I think I made the right choice,' he says with a laugh.

Background story

'I remember in the 1970s and 1980s when they were trying to improve the nightlife scene here, a lot of pop acts and performances were held at the amphitheatre. There were some very popular Malay acts that we got to watch, like Ziana Zain, Ramli Sarip and the band Wings.' - MR MASTURI LEHWAN ( with his wife, Madam Asmah Aziz), who used to live in Sentosa and is now a golf course supervisor there. He met his wife on the island

'My earliest memories of Sentosa are of going to the beach with my family and staying at the old two-storey colonial house chalets, overlooking the bushes and trees, and it got quite scary at night because it was always so quiet. I also loved the musical fountain - it was something we always went back to, even after seeing it many, many times.' - MS SITI JAFFAR, 29, entrepreneur

Island milestones
Straits Times 3 Jun 12;

Sentosa's swimming lagoon, which is now Palawan Beach, opened in 1974. -- PHOTOS: SENTOSA LEISURE GROUP

Pre-1970: Then known as Pulau Blakang Mati, the island was heavily fortified by the British and used as a base by the Royal Artillery garrison. During the Japanese Occupation, it was turned into a prisoner-of-war camp. It was also later occupied by the Gurkha regiment.

1970: Pulau Blakang Mati is renamed Sentosa, which means tranquillity in Malay.

1972: Sentosa Development Corporation is set up to develop the island into a tourist destination and attract more visitors to Singapore.

1974: The $6-million cable car transport system that links Sentosa to Mount Faber on the mainland starts operating with 43 cars.

The island's first attraction, the Coralarium (right), opens. It closed in 1995 and is now the Sentosa Cove arrival plaza. A swimming lagoon, now Palawan Beach, opens.

1975: Red-and-green double decker buses (below) are introduced to make it easier to get around the island.

Fort Siloso, a former fortress built by the British army, opens as an attraction.

1983: The Sentosa Monorail is introduced. It ceases operations in 2005 to make way for a new light rail system after visitors complain that rides on the non-air-conditioned trains are uncomfortable, too slow and noisy.

1984: The famed musical fountain is launched. In 2002, it is replaced by the new musical water-and-pyrotechnic show Songs Of The Sea.

1987: The ferry terminal opens with its distinctive white facade and clock tower. Ferry services later cease and the terminal is demolished in 2007.

1991: Underwater World opens and remains one of the most popular attractions on the island today.

1993: The $60-million Asian Village, a theme park opens, but closes in 2006 due to poor visitor numbers.

1994: The $52-million water theme park Fantasy Island opens. It closes in 2001.

1995: Another theme park, the $20-million Volcano Land, opens but also closes in 2006 due to poor visitor numbers.

1996: The 37m-tall Merlion tower, complete with viewing decks, opens.

1999: Dolphin Lagoon opens.

2000: The first ZoukOut is held on Sentosa, and draws 11,000 people. The beach bash soon becomes an icon, attracting revellers from all over the region. For its 10th anniversary in 2010, a record-breaking 30,000 people flock to the party on Siloso beach.

2007: The new monorail system, the Sentosa Express, is introduced.

2010: Resorts World Sentosa opens, which includes a casino and theme park Universal Studios Singapore.

Background story

'Growing up in the 1980s as a teen, there weren't many ?date' places. Sentosa seemed far away enough from the parents, and taking a cable car ride was romantic. I also miss the Monorail. It was a bit rickety, but I liked its simplicity, how low it was, going through tall trees, and being able to stick your head and hand out. It felt like doing a low-energy roller coaster!' - MS JO-ANNE LEE, 41, health administrator ISLAND MILESTONES

'I really liked Fantasy Island, even though I didn't get to go very often because it was really expensive at the time. The rides were quite exciting and after Big Splash (another water theme park) closed, it was the closest thing to an exciting theme park.' - MS JENNIFER SOH, 27, civil servant

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Singapore ... for diving - no, really!

Andrew Taylor Sydney Morning Herald 3 Jun 12;

WEDGED between the Shell oil refinery and three islands used by Singapore's air force for target practice, Pulau Hantu is not quite the tropical idyll one expects in south-east Asia.

It is certainly not one of the premier destinations for scuba divers, who tend to travel to Malaysia rather than explore the tiny islands and reefs that surround Singapore.

But Pulau Hantu is a quick 20-minute motorboat ride from Keppel Bay, home to Daniel Libeskind's latest architectural wonder - a series of skyscrapers that bend towards the sun like palm trees.

There are countless reasons why divers don't plunge into Singapore's warm waters, not least of which is that you're likely to see more diving into a vat of Guinness, says expat dive instructor Gary, who gave up his day job as a logistics manager for a life in neoprene instead.

The deafening roar of fighter jets breaking the sound barrier isn't exactly welcoming either, especially the one that zeroes in on Anjolie, the tiny three-metre boat that George, an Englishman with a porn star's moustache, has anchored next to the island's lagoon.

In the distance are the fun park rides of Sentosa Island and queues of rusting freighters waiting to unload their cargo to satiate Singapore's relentless consumers.

The island's history isn't exactly welcoming - hantu is the Malay word for ghost and apparently the island is full of the spirits of Malay warriors who found themselves on the wrong end of a duel. A more prosaic reason for the name might be because the island is partly submerged at high tide.

It was also a notorious graveyard for divers during the monsoon, Gary says, adding to the list of reasons I should have stuck to Singapore's main drawcard of shopping.

But the storm clouds are replaced by brilliant sunshine as I wriggle into my diving vest and flippers, check my oxygen tanks and hawk a mouthful of spit into my mask to clean it.

Gary even reckons we may encounter the island's other famous resident, the hawksbill turtle, so-named because its pointy head looks like a bird's beak.

I'd be happy to meet anything other than an oil slick as I perform a graceless backflip off the boat, into the brackish but reasonably clear waters.

Gary gives me a quick nod and a thumbs down, which in the sign language of diving means descend, and we leave the noisy, crowded surface for the serenity of the water below.

Diving is a lazy person's pastime where the less you move the slower you breathe and the longer you can stay submerged.

Despite its proximity to Singapore's bustling port, the reef look surprisingly healthy with an abundance of mushroom coral, which has the handy ability to change sex.

Besides gender-bending coral, a stingray flaps past like a bed sheet as well as clown fish, wrasse and a school of zebra-striped horrors that follow behind me like a pack of starving dogs.

One of the many pleasures of diving is being able to wee in front of other people without risk of social ostracism (emptying the bladder also conserves body heat).

Eventually the oxygen gauge ticks towards the red danger section and we slowly ascend to the surface to be greeted by a fighter plane streaking past us, its gun sight no doubt trained on our flippers.

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