Best of our wild blogs: 2 Apr 18

Open for registration – Love MacRitchie Walk with NUS Toddycats! on 7 April 2018 (Sat)
Love our MacRitchie Forest

2 Jun (Sat): FREE Ubin Quarry kayaking with Republic Polytechnic
Pesta Ubin 2018 and 9 Jun (Sat) too.

Singapore's Judys
Butterflies of Singapore

North African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) @ Kampong Java Park
Monday Morgue

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Down to the last straw

Businesses reducing use of plastic straws to encourage people to switch to eco-friendly options
Low Li Ping The New Paper 2 Apr 18;

Foreword Coffee has used a total of zero plastic straws since it opened at the National University of Singapore (NUS) last August.

Mr Lim Wei Jie, the founder and director of the social enterprise, said: "When we started, we wanted to look at sustainability with regard to consuming coffee. We use the same paper cups for both hot and cold drinks because we want to reduce the use of plastic."

He added that the paper cups eliminate the need for straws, since they come with lids designed for sipping.

"The moment you give people an alternative, they realise they don't actually need plastic straws," he said. "We have some paper straws only in case (of necessity)."

A major source of litter picked up at beach clean-ups (see other story), plastic straws have also emerged as a promising, potential gateway to reducing dependency on single-use plastics.

Companies big and small are recognising the need to reduce access to plastic straws.

Last Thursday, foodcourt operator Koufu launched its Say No to Plastic Straws initiative.

Straws are now given to customers only upon request at its Singapore Management University (SMU) outlet, and depending on the response, the company may expand the initiative to its other foodcourts.

SMU president Arnoud De Meyer said: "This will go a long way towards cultivating a mindfulness about the harmful use of plastic."

Another cafe, Common Man Coffee Roasters, started providing metal straws at both of its outlets at the start of this year.

Before the switch, a box of 10,000 plastic straws would last only two months at its outlet in Martin Road.

Brand manager Sarah Rouse said: "We decided to switch to metal straws as part of our wider effort to look for new ways to improve our operations and make a positive change to the environment we live and work in."

Although it has received a lot of encouraging feedback, some customers do not want to use the metal straws, possibly thinking that they are not cleaned properly, she said.

"However, I think they don't realise it is no different from drinking from a restaurant's glass or using the provided cutlery, it is just a psychological barrier to overcome."

Plastic straws are provided upon request for takeaway orders.

Younger Singaporeans are "questioning the materialistic and wasteful lifestyles that developed in Singapore over the past few decades", said Mr Michael Broadhead, the volunteer director of sustainability festival EarthFest.

"Reusable straws are a simple place to start," he said. "Generally, if people start with one change, they will take additional steps once the previous one has become a habit."


Ms Melissa Lam, the founder of Bamboo Straws Worldwide, said there is a growing awareness of the eco-friendliness of reusable straws, which can be made of metal, bamboo or glass and usually come with straw cleaners and a drawstring bag to keep the products.

She sources the bamboo for her straws from farms and families from South-east Asian countries such as Indonesia and the Philippines.

The 26-year-old said: "At the beginning, my customers were mostly Americans, Australians and Europeans. "

But as of the middle of last year, the majority of her customers became local.

Currently, local orders make up about 80 per cent of her sales, up from less than 5 per cent in 2015, she added.

Miss Sam Thian, 23, offers metal and glass straws through her social enterprise Seastainable Co, which she started in January.

Before Seastainable, Miss Thian worked as a whale shark research assistant in Cebu, in the Philippines, during a leave of absence in her first year of university.

"The experience was life-changing as I had the opportunity to see first-hand the impact of climate change and pollution in our oceans, such as coral bleaching and tons of plastic," she said.

"Since then, I have been actively involved in coastal and underwater clean-ups in Singapore and organising environmental talks for like-minded individuals," she said.

SMU undergraduate Joline Tang, 24, too hopes to encourage people to switch to sustainable alternatives such as reusable straws and cutlery through her online store The Sustainability Project, which she started in January.

Miss Tang, who also provided bamboo straws for Koufu's event last week, said the high demand for her straws has been surprising.

"The green shift is really happening. More people are conscious of the environment and want to do something."

Straws a threat to local wildlife

On a coastal clean-up in the mangroves of Pasir Ris Park last June, 15 volunteers from the non-profit green initiative Little Green Men picked up over 2,000 plastic straws in just an hour.

"We wanted to quantify them so it would make a bigger impact. So we decided to collect them separately and count them after the clean-up," said Ms Frances Loke Wei, 24, who started Little Green Men in 2016 with a friend.

The part-time research assistant added that straws could easily be mistaken for food by animals - such as herons and horseshoe crabs - living in the mangroves, which are out of bounds to the public without special permission.

For example, birds may mistake flattened straws for flatworms, or red straws for ribbon worms.

Miss Loke said: "The public area of Pasir Ris Park is clean and green, but beyond the tree line where the mangroves are, that's where a lot of the trash accumulates.

"And when it's out of sight, very often, it's out of mind."

Through coastal clean-up activities like this, she hopes to get people thinking about their rubbish.

"We can't clear everything, but I hope that seeing the trash first-hand will encourage people reflect on their habits and change them."

Although rubbish in Singapore is incinerated, plastic straws can still find their way into water bodies when people litter, said N. Sivasothi, senior lecturer at the Department of Biological Science of the National University of Singapore.

Litter can then get into the waterways, rivers and seas, affecting local wildlife like otters and turtles.

He added that all plastics eventually break down to produce microplastics, which are consumed by animals. Plastic is then amplified up the food chain in the seafood people consume.

Mr Sivasothi said: "Consciousness about the prevalence of single-use disposable plastics and solutions through sustainable alternatives should be an important part of human consciousness, especially in cities. Here, we can make small changes which bring about great reductions due to our high population densities."- LOW LI PING

Why it's time to stop using plastic straws

It started off as a joke.

I vowed that for a whole week, I could just reuse a disposable plastic bubble tea straw for lunch.

I was convinced that a plastic straw would do the job just as well as the artisanal bamboo straw that my colleague took around everywhere she went.

I had nothing to lose. The plastic straw was free, unlike my colleague's $12 bamboo straw .

Let's just say that I did not fare as well as I thought I would.

I kept forgetting to take my straw for lunch, avoiding drinks until I returned to the office where I could use my straw.

I deem my experiment a failure. But I learnt a thing or two.

Plastic straws are cheap, disposable and single-use. Just like a plastic bag, there is no sense of ownership to a simple piece of plastic.

So it is easy to forget their existence all together, which is why I constantly forgot to take my straw with me.

In comparison, we would feel a sense of attachment towards straws made of more expensive materials like bamboo or metal.

And plastic straws have been so deeply embedded into our culture as something we are entitled to. They are available everywhere.

Some places even take this too far. Bartenders often put two straws in cocktails. Some bubble tea shops have straws that are twice as long as they need to be.

When a plastic straw is that easily accessible, you don't think twice about using it.

I believe that charging people for the use of plastic straws would be unnecessarily heavy-handed. But stores can still do their part in reducing plastic waste by only giving out straws when customers ask for them.


Cities like Seattle have enacted plastic straw bans.

McDonald's recently announced that they will be moving plastic straws behind the counter in their United Kingdom outlets.

But why is it even important to reduce the use of plastic straws?

Half a billion plastic straws are wasted every day in the US alone, according to media reports. These are not easily recyclable.

Many end up in the ocean where they are ingested by marine wildlife.Yet many still do not know about the consequences to the environment.

So it is high time for me to live a less wasteful life. And it begins with a simple straw.

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Malaysia: 150 animal species rescued by Perhilitan in 2016

Badrul Kamal Zakaria, HAI ROZZAMAN JALAL Straits Times 1 Apr 18;

TANGKAK: The Wildlife and National Parks Department (Perhilitan), between 2016 and last year, tackled 2,994 criminal cases involving wildlife, rescuing 150 different species in the process.

The department also managed to destroy more than 2,000 snares which posed a threat to wildlife, via 630 operations carried out from 2013 to 2017.

Natural Resources and Environment Minister, Datuk Seri Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar, said the ministry, through Perhilitan, remains committed to preserving wildlife in Peninsular Malaysia and is proactive in ensuring that the country’s biodiversity resources are protected.

This, he said, is accordance with the goals of Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak, who had stressed on the importance of preserving the environment in the National Transformation 2050 (TN50) policies, to ensure that the country’s wildlife do not go extinct by 2050.

“In line with the theme of World Wildlife Day, which is ‘Big Cats: Predator Under Threat’, we are focusing on the threat posed to the big cats species. These species are known around the world for their diversity, from lions, tigers, panthers, pumas, jaguars, leopards and cheetahs.

“However, these beautiful predators have since come under threat due to human activity. As a whole, the big cat population has declined at an alarming rate due to loss of habitat, human-wildlife conflict, illegal poaching and the animal trade.

“Among the key species under threat in Malaysia are the Malayan tiger, which is a national icon. The Malayan tiger population is now estimated to be between 250 to 340 in Peninsular Malaysia, with its main habitats located in Taman Negara and wildlife forest reserves,” he said.

Wan Junaidi was speaking at the launch of the World Wildlife Day 2018 celebration, and the launch of the Sungai Kesdang river rehabilitation project in Dataran Ledang.

Also present were Deputy Natural Resources and Environment Minister, Datuk Hamim Samuri; the ministry’s deputy secretary-general (Environment Management), Datuk Dr Azimuddin Bahari; and Perhilitan director-general, Datuk Abdul Kadir Hashim.

Wan Junaidi said hunting activities is viewed as a major cause of wildlife extinction, as well as the use of snares. This, he said, can lead to the drastic reduction in wildlife population as it can lead to the animal being seriously injured, or even death.

The use of snares, he said, is also cruel and inhumane as it could also harm humans.

“According to statistics from 2015 to 2017, 25 animals of various species died due to snares. Among them are Malayan tigers, leopards, elephants, tapir, mountain goats, as well as deer. This also cuts off the food chain between predator and prey.

“We have declared 2018 as the year of battling the use of snares. This campaign is being undertaken via the Blue Ocean Strategy through joint operations with enforcement agencies such as the police, army and non-governmental organisations.”

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Malaysia: Illegal pesticide use rampant in Cameron Highlands; toxins entering water supply

FERNANDO FONG New Straits Times 1 Apr 18;

BRINCHANG: The rampant use of illegal pesticides for farming continues unabated in Cameron Highlands, giving rise to health and environmental concerns.

Regional Environmental Awareness of Cameron Highlands (Reach) president Ramakrishnan Ramasamy said illegal pesticides are sold openly in the area; and although the issue has been highlighted before, no action has been taken.

“No one has been prosecuted for selling or using banned pesticides.

“This is despite the fact that using banned pesticides is punishable under the law,” he told the New Straits Times.

Anyone who possesses or uses pesticides not registered in the Pesticides Act is liable to a RM10,000 fine or a jail term of up to one year.

Ramasamy said usage has become so pervasive that many farmers themselves do not eat the vegetables they grow for sale, as they are aware of the effects of the banned pesticides.

The water supply is tainted

Ramasamy said that the biggest cause for alarm is that the pesticides are making their way into the water supply.

He said this is based on studies by local universities on rivers in the Bertam Valley, Kuala Terla and the district’s tap water.

Among the pesticides discovered is the deadly Endosulfan, a highly acute toxin and a suspected endocrine disruptor banned in 2005 under the Pesticides Act.

“Farmers prefer banned pesticides, as they are cheaper and more powerful.

“It doesn’t help that foreign workers, who often cannot read labels, do not (disperse) the pesticides in the right concentration,” he added.

Ramasamy revealed that banned pesticides are often sold using coded names, such as 'Hennessy’.

They are usually kept under the counter of certain shops and stalls, and sold only to regular customers.

“The authorities should take action to minimise exposure.

“They should conduct laboratory testing on the pesticides to verify their chemical contents,” he added.

Other steps that could be taken include relocating farmers from water catchment areas in Kuala Terla to other parts of the district.

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Japan whalers return from Antarctic hunt after killing 333 whales

AFP Yahoo News 31 Mar 18;

Tokyo (AFP) - Japanese whaling vessels returned to port on Saturday after catching more than 300 of the mammals in the Antarctic Ocean without facing any protests by anti-whaling groups, officials said.

A fleet of five whalers set sail for the Southern Ocean in November, as Tokyo pursues its "research whaling" in defiance of global criticism.

Three of the vessels, including the fleet's main ship, the Nisshin Maru, arrived in the morning at Shimonoseki port in western Japan, a port official said.

The fleet caught 333 minke whales as planned without any interruption by anti-whaling campaigners, the Fisheries Agency said in a statement.

Japanese whalers have in the past clashed at sea with animal rights campaigners, particularly the Sea Shepherd activist group, which last year announced it had no plan to make offshore protests this season.

Japan is a signatory to the International Whaling Commission moratorium on hunting, but exploits a loophole that allows whales to be killed for scientific research.

Tokyo says the slaughter is necessary for in-depth knowledge of whale behaviour and biology, but it makes no secret of the fact that whales killed in the hunts often end up on dinner plates.

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