The Phuket News 25 May 16;
PHUKET: Marine officials have banned tourist activities at coral reefs near three islands off Phuket’s east coast to prevent further damage to corals at the popular tour sites.
They have also ordered the removal of facilities and structures used for tourist activities from all three islands: Koh Khai Nok, Koh Khai Nui and Koh Khai Nai, all located a handful of kilometres from Phuket.
Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) regional chief Watcharin Na Thalang informed Phang Nga and Phuket tour operators and guides of the ban, issued last Thursday (May 19), at a meeting yesterday (May 24).
“We want operators and guides active in Phang Nga and the surrounding areas to understand the rules and procedures in conducting a tour to prevent further damages to our marine natural resources and the coastal area. They must practice environmentally friendly tourism,” Mr Watcharin said.
At least 60 speedboats per day, as well as increasing numbers of restaurants and shops, are diminishing existing natural resources in the coastal areas around the three islands, said a recent report by the Phuket Marine Biology Centre, Mr Watcharin pointed out.
“Tour groups spend at least three hours swimming, feeding fish and snorkelling in the water, which severely damages the marine ecosystem, especially on coral reefs,” Mr Watcharin explained.
“Coral reefs are crucial to marine ecosystems and our last survey showed the area around Koh Khai Nai has corals covering 120 rai, Koh Khai Nok has 109 rai and Koh Khai Nui 17 rai. Today, a tremendous amount of corals have been damaged and getting them to recover is very difficult,” he said.
“The reasons for coral damage in the Koh Khai area is from the coral-bleaching process, which occurs naturally and from human activity. This includes the increasing number of tourists, boats that anchor on the corals, people walking on corals while playing in the water, feeding marine animals and catching them to take photos of with them.
“All these activities negatively impact the marine ecosystem and cause a deterioration in natural resources. They must be stopped. We have discovered that about 80 per cent of the coral reefs in the area have suffered damage,” Mr Watcharin said.
Suchart Rattanareangsri, Director of the DMCR’s Conservation division, added, “We started frequent inspections of the area in March, and today we still see tourists feeding fishes and collecting corals from the reefs.
“However, the number of boats anchoring on the reefs has decreased. Most tour boats follow instructions and drop tourists off in the designated areas.”
Regarding the beach clean-ups in the area, Mr Suchart said, “Officials are clearing all beach umbrellas and beach chairs in the area. Shops and restaurants on the Koh Khai islands will be removed and the Royal Forest Department has been contacted to carry out the removal of these structures.”
The officials are determined to maintain these regulations by informing all involved parties of the ban, Mr Suchart said.
“Tour operators and guides will follow the rules and regulations laid out. Officials will post the order in Thai, Chinese, English, Russian and other languages and tourism business and tourists must obey,” he warned.
“We will set routes where tour boats may enter and depart from these areas, and where they cannot enter. Officials will also install more mooring buoys in the area, so far we have added 40.
“We will propose to the local government to send more officials to monitor the tour operators and tourists in these areas to prevent them from engaging in any activities that will damage the coral-reef ecosystems,” he added.
Thailand closes dive sites over coral bleaching crisis
In a rare move to shun tourism profits for environmental protection, 10 popular dive sites have been shut down in a bid to slow a coral bleaching crisis
Agence France-Presse The Guardian 26 May 16;
Thailand has shut down 10 popular diving sites in a bid to slow a coral bleaching crisis, an official said Thursday, in a rare move to shun tourism profits to protect the environment.
The tropical country’s southern coastline and string of islands are home to some of the world’s most prized white sand beaches and scuba sites, and the booming tourism industry props up Thailand’s lagging economy.
But warming waters and ever-growing swarms of visitors have damaged coral reefs and local ecosystems.
The National Parks department has now indefinitely closed at least 10 diving spots after a survey found bleaching on up to 80% of some reefs.
“The coral reefs are affected by unaware tourists – when they go diving they may touch or step on the reef. Closing those spots will help the reefs recover naturally,” National Park officer director, Reungsak Theekasuk, told AFP.
The diving sites lie off beaches stretching from Rayong province in the east down to Satun in the far south.
Coral bleaching, primarily caused by warming waters, has been wreaking havoc on the region for years.
It occurs when corals come under environmental stress – such as stronger than normal sunlight and warmer sea temperatures – and respond by shedding the algae that give them their brilliant colours.
Corals can survive bleaching but they become more vulnerable to further damage while the condition persists.
Reungsak said the closed diving sites will be inspected ahead of peak tourist season, which starts in November.
“Where we see there is still a crisis, we will have to keep the area and reefs preserved,” he said.
Thailand closes 'overcrowded' Koh Tachai island to tourists
The parks department also recently ordered the closure of Koh Tachai, a popular island in the Andaman Sea, to let it recover from environmental damage caused by overcrowding.
Thailand’s vital tourism industry remains one of the few economic bright spots as the junta-led government struggles to kickstart the kingdom’s stumbling economy.
Tourism accounts for around 10% of Thailand’s economy, and officials have said they hope to attract 32 million visitors in 2016.
The Phuket News 25 May 16;