Haze, Indonesia: BNPB predicts forest fires to increase

Antara 7 Aug 17;

Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Indonesias National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) predicted that forest and land fires would continue to increase ahead of the peak of current dry season ehich is expected to fall in September.

"The potential will continue to increase. The peak of the dry season is predicted to fall in September and so the potential for forest and land fires to happen will increase," the agencys spokesman, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, said in a press statement received here on Sunday (August 5).

So far five provinces out of 34 have already declared an emergency status namely Riau, Jambi, South Sumatra, West Kalimantan and South Kalimantan.

In West Kalimantan five districts have declared emergency status namely Kubu Raya, Ketapang, Sekadau, Melawi and Bengkayang.

Sutopo said hotspots that indicate forest and land fires have so far been found in private companies plantations, peoples kands and in National Parks.

"Based on locations of hotspots in 2015, 2016 and 2017 it shows that fires have been found to repeat in several locations evey year such as at Tesso Nelo National Park, Ogan Komering Ilir, Riau-Jambi border area and others," he said.

He said nationally a total of 282 hotspots have been detected with the most found in West Kalimantan (150), followed by South Sumatra (23), South Sulawesi (18) and Riau (16).

He said there had been an increase in the number of fires in Igan Komering Ikir in South Sumatra since Saturday.

He said efforts and patrols have been intensified to prevent more fires in Jambi and South Sumatra and request for more helicopters to conduct water bombing has bern made.

Efforts to fight the fires have often been hurdled by limited accessibility to the fire locations, the width of the area affected by fires, limited water supply and firefighters, dry weather, limited means and budget, he said.

(Reported by Aditya Ramadhan/Uu.H-YH)

282 hot spots detected across Indonesia
Francis Chan Straits Times 7 Aug 17;

JAKARTA - Indonesian satellites on Sunday (Aug 6) morning picked up 282 hot spots - believed to be the highest number across the country this year - as the dry season continues.

The worst hit province was West Kalimantan, where more than half of the hot spots were detected, said National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) spokesman, Dr Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, as he released the figures yesterday (Aug 6) evening.

Five districts in the province - Kubu Raya, Ketapang, Sekadau, Melawi and Bengkayang - have declared a state of emergency to enable local authorities to access central government support, including military assistance, to put out the fires.

Dr Sutopo also expressed concern that although 150 hot spots were detected across West Kalimantan, the number of fires there may be higher.

"Land and forest fires in West Kalimantan continue despite our continued efforts to suppress them," he added.

He warned that the number of hot spots is probably higher as the satellites may not have passed over all the forest and land areas where fires could be burning.

Other areas in Indonesia were also hit by forest fires, albeit not as badly as in 2015 when the burning of forest and peatland in Kalimantan and Sumatra produced a transboundary haze, which blanketed the region and led to record air pollution levels for months.

Aside from those in West Kalimantan, the hot spots were spread across other provinces such as South Sumatra (23 hot spots), South Sulawesi (18), Riau (16) and East Nusa Tenggara (12).

Dr Sutopo said the hot spots were spotted on private plantation land, community-owned land and in national parks, in hard-to-reach locations.

"The areas burned are generally areas that are difficult to access and away from settlements, that is why (the fires) are difficult to extinguish," he added.

As of Saturday, 18 helicopters have been deployed for fire-fighting operations in Riau, Jambi, South Sumatra, West Kalimantan and South Kalimantan. All five provinces are currently in a state of emergency.

Indonesia's Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar said last Sunday that helicopters will deployed to put out fires over areas where there is limited road access.

"If land access is difficult or shut down for a long time, then we will use water-bombings," she said.

The dry season in Indonesia is forecast to end in September, at the earliest.

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